Assessment Time – Ages & Stages of Development

This month your child’s teachers are carefully observing your child to assess for appropriate developmental milestones. Children develop at their own pace so the criteria we follow offers a broad age range for each milestone. Some children might reach a designated milestone at 7 months old. But others might reach it at 4 months or 10 months.

The characteristics that follow are simply basic guidelines to give you an idea of where your child may be. The assessments we complete throughout the year go into much greater detail.

0-12

Gross Motor Skills2-two-month-milestones-ages-stages-development-150x150

  • Sits without support,
  • crawls,
  • pulls self to standing and stands unaided,
  • walks with aid,
  • rolls a ball in imitation of adult

Social And Play Skills

  • Smiles spontaneously,
  • responds differently to strangers and familiar persons,
  • pays attention to own name,
  • responds to “no”,
  • copies simple actions of people

Pre Academic Skills

  • Looks directly at adult’s face,
  • tracks objects,
  • imitates gestures (peek-a-boo),
  • puts block in andtakes block out of box,
  • finds block hidden under cup

Oral Language Skills

  • Makes different vowel sounds,
  • makes different consonant/vowel combinations,
  • vocalizes to the person who has talked to him/her,
  • uses intonation patterns that sound like phrases

Understanding Language

  • Looks at people who talk to him/her,
  • responds differently to variety of sounds: i.e. phone ringing or door bell or voices

Music/Art/Story Skills

  • Fixes gaze on pictures in book Self-Help Skills Feeds self crackers; munching not sucking,
  • holds cup with two hands but drinks with assistance,
  • hold out arms and legs while being dressed

Fine Motor Skills

  • Reaches and grasps and puts objects in mouth,
  • picks things up with thumb and one finger,
  • transfers object from one hand to another,
  • drops and picks up toy

12-24

Gross Motor Skills12-Month-Old-Ages-Stages-Development-Milestones-1-150x150

  • Walks alone,
  • walks backward,
  • picks up object without falling,
  • pulls toys, seats self in child’s chair,
  • walks up and down stairs with aid

Social And Play Skills

  • Recognizes self in mirror or picture,
  • refers to self by name,
  • plays be self and initiates own play,
  • imitates adult behaviors in play,
  • plays with water and sand,
  • leads and carries and dumps,
  • helps put things away

Pre Academic Skills

  • Follows one direction involving familiar actions and objects (“Give me the ball.” Show me your nose”),
  • completes 3-piece puzzle,
  • matches similar objects

Oral Language Skills

  • Asks for items by name, answers “What’s that?” with name of object,
  • tells about objects or experiences with words used together (2-3 words)

Understanding Language

  • Responds to specific words by showing what was named: toys and clothing,
  • responds to simple directions given without gestures: go or sit or run or walk

Music/Art/Story Skills

  • Moves to music,
  • looks at pictures in book and points to or names objects or people,
  • paints with whole arm movement by shifting hands and making strokes

Self-Help Skills

  • Uses spoon and spills a little,
  • drinks from cup with one hand and unassisted,
  • chews food,
  • removes garment,
  • zips and unzips large zippers,
  • indicates toilet needs

Fine Motor Skills

  • Builds tower of 3 cubes,
  • puts rings on a stick,
  • places 5 pegs in a pegboard,
  • turns pages

24-36

Gross Motor SkillsYour toddler can do all kinds of things now

  • Runs forward well,
  • jumps in place,
  • stands on one foot with aid,
  • walks on tiptoe,
  • kicks ball without direction,
  • runs around obstacles

Social And Play Skills

  • Plays near other children,
  • watches other children play,
  • defends own possessions,
  • engages in domestic play,
  • builds with blocks in simple lines

Pre Academic Skills

  • Matches shapes,
  • stacks 5 rings on peg in order,
  • demonstrates number concepts to 2

Oral Language Skills

  • Asks questions,
  • Answers “Where is it?” with prepositional phrases “In the box”,
  • Answers “What do you do with the ball?”,
  • tells about something with functional sentences which carry meaning: “Me go store” or “Me hungry now.”

Understanding Language

  • Responds to “put it on” and “put it in”,
  • responds by selecting correct item: big vs. little objects and one vs. one more object,
  • identifies objects by their use: e.g. stove to cook on and shoes to wear on feet

Music/Art/ Story Skills

  • Participates in simple group activities example sings and dances and claps,
  • chooses picture books,
  • points to fine detail,
  • enjoys repetition,
  • paints with some wrist action,
  • makes dots and lines and circular strokes,
  • while playing with clay they will roll it and pound it and squeeze it and pull it

Self-Help Skills

  • Uses spoon with no spilling,
  • gets drink unassisted,
  • opens doors by turning handle,
  • put on/takes off coat,
  • washes/dries hands with assistance, uses straw

Fine Motor Skills

  • Strings 4 large beads,
  • snips with scissors,
  • holds crayons with thumb and fingers,
  • uses one hand consistently in most activities,
  • imitates circular and horizontal and vertical strokes,
  • turns pages singly

36-48

Gross Motor Skillsreading & writing and arithmetic!

  • Walks on a line,
  • balances on one foot,
  • hops on one foot,
  • pushes and pulls and steers wheeled toys,
  • rides trike,
  • uses slide with assistance,
  • jumps over high objects,
  • throws balls with direction,
  • catches ball bounced to him

Social And Play Skills

  • Joins in play with other children,
  • begins to interact,
  • shares toys and takes turns,
  • begins dramatic play and acting out whole scenes (playing house)

Pre Academic Skills

  • Matches 6 colors,
  • makes tower of 5 blocks graduated in size,
  • does 7-piece puzzle,
  • counts to 5 imitation of adults,
  • demonstrates number concepts to 3

Oral Language Skills

  • Answers “Which one do you want?” by naming it,
  • Answers if and what and when questions,
  • Answers questions about functions: “What are books for?”,
  • Asks for or tells about something with grammatically correct sentences

Understanding Language

  • Responds to “put it beside” and “put it under”,
  • responds to commands involving two actions:” Give me the cup and put the shoe on the floor”,
  • responds to selecting correct item: e.g. hard vs. soft objects,
  • responds to “walk fast” by increased pace/”slowly” by decreased pace

Music/Art/ Story Skills

  • Knows phrases of song,
  • listens to short simple stories,
  • names own picture not always recognizable,
  • draws head of person and one other part, manipulates clay materials

Self-Help Skills

  • Pours well from pitcher,
  • spreads substance with a knife, buttons/unbuttons large buttons, washes hands unassisted,
  • cleans nose when reminded,
  • uses toilet independently,
  • follows classroom routine with minimum teacher assistance,
  • knows own sex,
  • knows own age,
  • knows own last name

Fine Motor Skills

  • Builds tower of 9 cubes,
  • drives nails and pegs,
  • copies circle,
  • imitates cross

48-60

Gross Motor SkillsFour-Year-Old-Milestones-150x150

  • Walks backward heel-toe,
  • jumps forward 10 times without falling,
  • walks up/down stairs,
  • turns somersault

Social And Play Skills

  • Plays and interacts with other children,
  • engages in dramatic play that is closer to reality,
  • plays dress-up,
  • builds complex structures with blocks

Pre Academic Skills

  • Points to and names 6 colors,
  • points to and names 3 shapes,
  • matches related common objects,
  • demonstrates number concepts to 4-5

Oral Language Skills

  • Asks “how” questions, answers verbally to “Hi” and “How are you?” ,
  • tells about something using past and future tense,
  • tells about something using conjunctions to string words and phrases together

Understanding Language

  • Responds by showing penny and nickel and dime,
  • responds to command involving three actions: “Give me the cup, put the shoe on the floor, and hold the pencil in your hand”

Music/Art/ Story Skills

  • Sings entire songs,
  • recites nursery rhymes, “reads” from pictures,
  • recognizes story and retells simple facts,
  • makes and names recognizable pictures, draws a person with 2-6 parts

Self-Help Skills

  • Cuts food with knife,
  • laces shoes,
  • knows own city/street,
  • follows instruction given to group

Fine Motor Skills

  • Cut on a line continuously,
  • copies cross,
  • copies square,
  • prints a few capital letters

60-72

Gross Motor SkillsAlmost time for Kindergarten!

  • Runs lightly on toes,
  • walks a balance beam,
  • can cover 2 meters hopping,
  • skips,
  • jumps rope

Social And Play Skills

  • Chooses own friend(s),
  • plays simple table games,
  • plays competitive games,
  • engages in cooperative play with other children involving group decisions and role assignments and fair play,
  • uses construction toys to make things like a house of logs

Pre Academic Skills

  • Sorts objects on one dimension (size, color, shape),
  • does 15-piece puzzle,
  • copies block design,
  • names some letters,
  • names some numerals,
  • names penny and nickel and dime and quarter,
  • counts by rote to 10,
  • can tell what number comes next

Oral Language Skills

  • Uses plurals verb tenses and conjunctions,
  • uses increasingly complex descriptions and conversations

Understanding Language

  • Develops verbal skills as intellect and self awareness expands,
  • expresses clearly likes and dislikes and plans and wants

Music/Art/ Story Skills

  • Recognizes rhyme,
  • acts out stories,
  • draws a person with head and trunk and legs and arms and features,
  • pastes and glues appropriately,
  • models objects with clay
About the Author

Robert Rice - Owner

Jenni and I have spent our entire lives surrounded by children. Even if we’ve done something hundreds of times it’s always exciting, fresh and new with fascinated children. | G+ | More about me